Thanjavur formerly known as Tanjore, is a city in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu and is located near the banks of Kaveri River. It was once the capital of the mighty Cholas and after the fall of Cholas, the city was ruled by various dynasties like Pandyas, Vijayanagar Empire, Madurai Nayaks, Thanjavur Nayaks, Thanjavur Marathas and the British Empire until independence. The pursuits of these rulers are reflected in the great monuments like Grand Anaicut, Big Temple, Serfoji Palace and Saraswathi Mahal Library, etc. in the district.
It is called the Rice Bowl of South India because of its agricultural activities in the delta region of river Cauvery. This was a kingdom so fertile that it was called the ‘granary of the South’; elephants rather than oxen thrashed the abundant paddy. Rich harvests, a lush country and a full river gave people the leisure and inclination for the fine things of life: culture, religion, architecture and literature.
Even now, the Thanjavur of the Cholas, Nayaks and Marathas manages to soar grandly above the dust and crowd of humdrum modernity. Visitors will be surprised by glimpses of ancient buildings on almost every street. Even auto drivers speak knowledgeably about politics and classical music. This city is home to Brahadeeswara Temple, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, built in the 11th Century AD. There are a number of other ancient temples and forts in the city too. The city is recognized worldwide for its antiques and meticulous handicrafts. Tanjore is also the birth place of Carnatic music and Bharathanatyam.
Thanjavur is famous for artistic Thanjavur brass plate & for manufacture of musical instrument Veena. Both are unique in the world.