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Reet Cheema Jul 04 2013

Are there any not to be missed attractions at Jaigarh fort?

Reema Bhalla Jul 04 2013
1 person found this answer useful Useful ?Yes

The world’s largest cannon on wheels, Jaivana was cast at the Jaigarh Fort foundry located in Jaigarh Fort, Rajasthan. It is made using metals that include gold, silver, iron, bronze, nickel, copper and chromium. It was cast during the reign of Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. Jaivana weighs 50 tonnes and its 20 feet long barrel can be raised or lowered by an elevating screw. Four elephants were used to rotate it while six soldiers helped to adjust the barrel. Though a destructive weapon, Jaivana is beautifully decorated. There is an elephant on the mouth scroll and a pair of ducks carved at the back.

The work to place it on a carriage was done during the reign of Maharaja Ram Singh II. He also got a covered area prepared for this unusually large cannon. The main characteristic of the cannon is that it can be turned in all directions for firing with the help of two back wheels and rolling pin fixers near them. It is believed that the gunpowder used for a single test shot fired was 100 kilograms. A 50 kilogram iron ball (which is on display at the fort’s Armoury Museum) was fired from Jaivana.

The impact of its landing was so intense that a huge depression was created. This is a pond today. Because of the strong defence system management and the foresightedness of the rulers, no enemy ever dared to enter the fort. Therefore there arose no necessity for its use. When it was fired for testing, the resounding boom was so loud that the soldiers who operated it became deaf. The rulers made an immediate alternate arrangement for firing the cannon the next time the need arose. A long fuse was inserted into Jaivana. This ensured that the soldiers had enough time to light this fuse and jump into the lake in front to protect themselves.

A valuable ancestral heritage, the carrier of Jaivana weighs 200 tonnes. It is painted every year to prevent rusting. The royal family of Jaipur visits the fort every year on the festival of Dussehra and as a mark of devotion and respect anoint the cannon with coloured swastikas.

Jaigarh Fort is open 365 days of the year except on Dulhandi Holi

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