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Pritha Manchanda Aug 10 2015

A Brief History of the Flag of India

Etti Bali Aug 10 2015
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The Flag of India has a long and colourful history. Although the princely states had separate flags for their individual kingdoms, the idea of a singular Indian Flag was brought forth by the British after the Rebellion of 1857.

1. The Red Ensign with the Union Jack and Star of India was used between 1880-1947 to represent British India at international events.



2. After the partition of Bengal in 1905, a new flag was designed all over again. This flag can be called as the first Indian tricolour as it had three horizontal stripes of green, yellow and red. The flag was first hoisted on 7 August, 1906 at Parsee Bagan Square in Kolkata.



3. In the year 1907, Madame Bhikaji Cama hoisted a slightly modified version of the first flag at the Second Socialist International Meeting in Stuttgart. This flag had seven stars (denoting the saptarishi) in the top stripe, with a sun and crescent moon with a star.





4. Subsequently, in 1917, Dr. Annie Besant and Bal Gangadhar Tilak adopted a new flag as part of the Home Rule Movement. This flag had five red and four green stripes arranged alternatingly, with seven stars, a Union Jack, and crescent moon and star.



5. In 1921, at a meeting of the All India Congress Committee, a flag with white, red and green stripes, along with the spinning wheel was proposed and was adopted unofficially.



6. After many proposals and failed attempts at gaining popularity, the year 1931 proved to be a landmark year. A resolution was passed to adopt a tricolor with saffron, white and green stripes with Gandhiji’s charkha at the centre. This was to be the representative flag of the Congress.



7. Finally, on 22 July 1947, the Constituent Assembly adopted the Congress’ flag as the Free India National Flag. The spinning wheel was replaced by the Ashoka Chakra, giving us the flag that India is known by today.



The Flag of India is not only a piece of cloth hoisted on days of national importance. It is our nation’s pride and representative of the ideals and principles our country upholds. Happy Independence Day. Jai Hind!

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