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Pritha Manchanda Jun 19 2014

A spice trip around the world.

Kanika Nevatia Jun 19 2014
3 people found this answer useful Useful ?Yes

What’s life without some spice? Here’s taking a spice trip around the world. Grab a glass of water or milk and be intrigued by our hot and spicy trip as we discover chillies around the world.


Habanero

Hailing from a large family of peppers, the habanero chilli comes from the Amazonas region of South America, from where it was taken to Mexico. The habanero's heat, its fruity, citrus-like flavour and its floral aroma have made it a popular ingredient in hot sauces and spicy foods the world around. The red savina habanero pepper is considered among the hottest variety of this chilli.



Photo of Habanero (by Bonnie James)


Thai Chilli

The Thai chilli or bird's eye chilli is a chilli pepper that originated in Thailand. It can also be found in India, in Meghalaya and Kerala and is used in traditional dishes of Kerala. It is also found in rural areas of Sri Lanka, where it is used as a substitute for green chillies. It is also a main ingredient in kochchi sambal, a salad made using freshly scraped coconut ground with bird's eye chillies and seasoned with salt and lime juice. It is used extensively in Thai, Lao, Khmer, Indonesian and Vietnamese cuisine.


Photo of Thai Chilli (by Dey)


Santaka Chilli Pepper

The santaka pepper is a hot chilli pepper that originated in Japan. It is rather small in size, cone-shaped, measuring about 2 inches in length and up to an inch in width at maturity. It has a tapered teardrop shape and a vibrant red colour. At harvest time, the skin of the fruit is thin and wrinkled. Widely used in Japanese sauces, this pepper is full of flavour.


Photo of Chilli (by Ntcrwler)


Carolina Reaper

Originating from South Carolina in the United States, in 2013 Guinness World Records stated Smokin' Ed's Carolina Reaper officially as the world’s hottest chilli pepper. It is a hybrid cultivar of chilli pepper of the Capsicum chinense species. The chilli is found to have an average of 1,569,300 on the Scoville scale (scale measuring the hotness of a chilli) with peak levels of over 2,200,000.


Photo of Carolina Reaper (by Dale Thurber)


Trinidad Moruga Scorpion

The Trinidad moruga scorpion is native to the district of Moruga in Trinidad and Tobago. In 2012, New Mexico State University's Chile Pepper Institute identified the Trinidad moruga scorpion as the hottest chilli in the world. Leaving out the heat, the moruga scorpion has a tender fruit-like flavour, which makes it a deadly sweet-hot combination.


Photo of Trinidad Moruga Scorpion (by Slam)


Infinity Chilli

The infinity chilli pepper is a chilli pepper created in England by chilli breeder Nick Woods of Fire Foods, Grantham, Lincolnshire. For two weeks in 2011, the Infinity chilli held the Guinness World Record title for the world's hottest chilli. Used quite often in chilli sauces, this chilli is deadly yet appealing to the taste buds making it an essential part of this spice trip.


Photo of Chilli (by Ashish)


Tabiche Chilli Pepper

The tabiche pepper originated in India and is now grown worldwide. It has the shape of narrow teardrop with a point. The skin of the pepper is extremely thin and wrinkled. The colour may vary dependent upon the region it is grown in, from a pale yellow to a brilliant red with a high gloss coating. Usually used in a dried or ground form, the pepper can give any dish that extra kick.


Photo of Chilli (by Hans)


Madame Jeanette

Named after a famous Brazilian prostitute, the Madame Jeanette has the shape of a bell pepper, but the intense heat of a habanero. The Madame Jeanette is from Suriname in South America. The fruits are shaped like small bell peppers but with Habanero-like heat. The peppers ripen to reddish-yellow but they are larger and not symmetrical. They are also called Surinam Red or Surinam Yellow, depending on their colour.


Photo of Chilli (by Hankwang)


Naga Viper

The Naga viper was grown in England by chilli farmer Gerald Fowler of The Chilli Pepper Company. It was briefly the "World's Hottest Chilli" in 2011 according to the Guinness World Records with a rating of 1,382,118 Scoville Heat Units (SHU). Due to its hybrid nature, it is unable to produce offspring exactly like the parent.


Photo of Chilli (by bernpics12)


Bhut Jolokia

The bhut jolokia is cultivated in Nagaland, Manipur and Assam regions of northeastern India and parts of neighbouring Bangladesh. Previously recognized by the Guinness World Records as the hottest pepper in the world, this chilli pepper is around 125 times hotter than the average jalapeno pepper. It is used in both fresh and dried forms, to not only "heat up" curries, pickles and chutneys, but also to impart distinct flavours to them. To know the true flavours of this chilli one must travel to the magnificent eastern India.


Photo of Bhut Jolokia (by Gamma Man)


If you're in love with your chillies then taking this spice trip is definitely worth your while. However, most of these chillies around the world come with a statutory warning, so beware!

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