sri rangam ranga nathar temple

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sri rangam ranga nathar temple overview

#1 of 22 Places To Visit in Tiruchirapalli
sri rangam ranga nathar temple
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4 reviews
West Uthrai Street, Srirangam, Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu 620006, India
entry fee
per person Quick Seva
per person Viswaroopa Seva
All days of the week
6:00 AM - 9:00 PM
visit duration
2 to 3 hours

about sri rangam ranga nathar temple

Dedicated to Lord Rangnatha, Lord Vishnu's reclining avataar, Sri Rangam Ranga Nathar Temple, is one of the most illustrious temples of South India, rich in lores and history. Millennia old, the temple, enclosed by 7 concentric walls, with  21 gopurams (towers), 39 pavilions, 50 shrines, Ayiram kaal mandapam (a hall of 1000 pillars) and several small water bodies inside the complex that spread out over an area of 156 acres, is the largest (functioning) Hindu temple in the world. The beautiful idol of Lord Ranganatha, Vishnu in eternal repose, is 21 ft long.

As you enter the complex you are faced with the 7 prakarams (the concentric walls), with the outer 2 being lined with shops, restaurants and flowers stalls where you can buy the necessary ritual items to pay homage. Non-Hindus can continue their exploration only until the second prakaram, but beyond that, inside the gold topped sanctum sanctorum, you will not be allowed. Over the sanctum sanctorum, is the Ranga Vimanam, in the shape of the Om symbol and plated with gold. Reclining on Adisesha, the coiled serpent, is Sri Ranganthar and at his feet sits Rangnayaki. Additionally, inside the sanctum, you can also see images of Brahma, Hanuman, Garuda and the symbols of Vishnu. The temple complex also houses shrines of the various forms of Vishnu including Chakkarathazhwar, Narasimha, Rama and Gopala Krishna. 

There are separate shrines for Ranganayaki and the major saints of the Vaishnava tradition. When you come across the majestic, granite cut sculptures of rearing horses trampling the heads of tigers in a planned theater like structure, you have entered the Hall of 1000 pillars, which is really 953 pillars. One wide aisle that runs through the center of the hall, intersected by transepts running across at right angles, is the path to take to explore the hall. 

Built by the once mighty Vijaynagar empire, the Garuda Madapa located on the south side of the third enclosure is an addition by the Nayaks as well as the Sesha Mandap, where leaping animals are carved onto the piers at its northern end. Adorned by grand sculptures and architecture heavily rooted in Dravidian architectural style, the sculptures throughout the magnificent, glorious complex include deities, dancers, musicians, mythological creatures and animals and scenes from courtly life. 

Dominating the skyline of Tiruchirappalli is the 236 feet Rajagopuram, the second tallest temple tower in Asia. The 13- tiered Rajagopuram was built in 1987 by Ahobila Mutt and can be seen rearing in the distant skies for miles around, while the remaining 20 gopurams (tower gateway) were built between the 14th and 17th centuries. The inscriptions you come across in the temple belong to the Chola, Pandya, Hoysala and Vijayanagar dynasties- each having shaped the destiny of this small city. They range in the date between 9th and 16th century A.D.

Throughout its history, the temple has been invaded, its idol stolen and has been the site for military encampments of various armies- its walls, inscriptions and sculptures tell a thousand stories from the Vijayanagar empire’s golden age. Today, the temple continues to stand tall proudly and as majestically as it did eons ago. Throughout the year various festivals are celebrated in the temple like Vaikunta Ekadeshi, Jyestabhisheka, Brahmotsavam, Rathothsavam (the temple chariot festival) and many more. 

The origin of the Orlov diamond, part of the Diamond Fund of the Moscow Kremlin’s collection, can be traced back to this temple, where it once served as the eye of the presiding deity. Among historic diamonds, this resplendent relic, in the shape and proportion of half a hen’s egg, is considered unique as it still retains its original Indian rose cut style. 

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Sri Rangam Ranga Nathar Temple traveller reviews

4 Sri Rangam Ranga Nathar Temple reviews
Vasu Devan
Vasu Devan
Jul 27 2018
Excellent place for devotional peoples. Boologa Vaikundam. Stays @ no.1 place amoung the 108 dhiviya desams.
sola rajan
sola rajan
pushing in the temple
Jun 15 2018
I visited the temple,paid 250rupees for special entrance and ended up pushed away three times in the temple including the sanctum.Warned the priest not to touch me while i am walking away.My wife was also been pushed by the police ladies there.It was ...... read more