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iXiGOers Dec 09 2012

What is the history and culture of Bharatpur?

Aloke Bajpai DEC 10 2012
0 people found this answer useful Useful ?Yes

History of a place may sound as distant and fascinating as the bedtime stories our grandma told us. Don’t you agree? Hear us out if you wish to know what all led to the structuring of the cultural ethos of the city of Bharatpur in the state of Rajasthan.
The city, located on the side lines of Thar Desert, was founded way back in the year 1733 by Maharaja Suraj Mal. The city had remained the stronghold of Sinsinwar maharajas of the Jat clan since the 17th century till the territory finally acceded to the Indian Union after Independence in 1947. Beginning from King Gokul (-1670) in the 17th century to Maharaja Brijendra Singh (1929-1947) in the 20th century of the Jat clan, the city’s erstwhile rulers successfully resisted attacks by Mughal rulers and later the British by displaying their prowess and doggedness in the battlefield. One strategy to evade attacks used to be the marriage alliances that the Jat rulers forged with the neighbouring Rajput rulers thereby establishing an atmosphere of friendship and strength. The neighbouring cities of Deeg and Dholpur and their political situations significantly impacted the politics of
Bharatpur.

Bharatpur is most renowned for Keoladeo National Park, popularly called Bharatpur Bird Sanctuary, India's premier wildlife sanctuary and declared a World Heritage Site in 1985. This enormous assemblage of birds was created at the behest of Prince Bhamji of Morvi (Gujarat) in the early years of 20th century. Though, it must be noted that the wilderness and the rich flora and fauna existed as early as 250 years ago when the sanctuary used to be the hunting ground for the maharajas of Bharatpur. Later, recreation events like duck shoots were organized in honour of British officers. Post-Independence, it was established as a national park on 10 March 1982.

The city is a rare station of many rare migratory birds such as the Siberian Crane, Grey Hornbill, Kingfishers, etc. The city is naturally gifted and scenic and still retains the architectural influences of the Mughals and the Rajputs in its infrastructure and historical monuments. Apart from Hindi and English, people are inclined towards Brij language. The city is inhabited by clans like Jats, Brahmins, Yadavs, Gurjars and Baniyas, who are mostly simple-minded and helpful by nature. The economy is mostly dependent on agriculture and products derived from it. There are also oil-mills (mustard oil) and stone-mining industries in the city. You can take a look at Rajasthan packages for more fun filled trips in and around Bharatpur.

All in all, Bharatpur is a laid-back, rustic city that is a far cry from a metropolitan lifestyle. There are interesting places to visit in Bahratpur and the place never fails to charm the visitors. It is a natural habitat par excellence that invites tourists for the sheer enormity of beauty and relaxation that it offers. Come, loosen your worries here.

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