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iXiGOers Dec 09 2012

What is the history and culture of Darjeeling?

Chandralekha Singh DEC 10 2012
0 people found this answer useful Useful ?Yes

Darjeeling is a picturesque city located in the state of West Bengal. It is surrounded by the mighty Himalayas and Mt. Kanchenjunga, world's third highest peak, towers above the city. The city is a multi-ethnic, multi-cultural one with Gorkhas from Nepal being the majority populace and home to some exquisite places to visit in Darjeeling. The town welcomes everyone with warm heart and hospitality offered by the hotels in Darjeeling is just unmatched. Other inhabitants of the region include: Tibetans, Anglo-Indians, Chinese, Marwaris and many more. The history of Darjeeling dates back to the 18th Century. The history of the region is entwined between Nepal, Sikkim and Bengal.

Few prominent details of Darjeeling's history are:

  • Until early 19th century, it was controlled by the Kingdom of Sikkim. Some adjoining areas were under the occupation of Kingdom of Nepal.
  • With the arrival of East India Company, the British showed interest in the region and this led to the accession of Darjeeling to the British in 1835
  • In 1856, the British introduced commercial tea-cultivation in the region and it soon became a hotspot of tea production and export.
  • Before independence, Darjeeling acted as a summer retreat for the British officials and also as sanatorium for the British soldiers.
  • After India's independence in 1947, Darjeeling was merged into the Indian state of West Bengal. The hilly regions were, and still are, inhabited by ethnic Nepalis and the Bengali community constituted the plains.
  • During 1980's the region saw protests and agitations for a separate Gorkha state. For a brief period of time, the protests also became violent. In 2011, the Darjeeling Gorkha Council was replaced by Gorkha Territorial Administration (GTA), which gave more power to the regional administration.

Being a multi-ethnic society, Darjeeling has a colourful culture. People belonging to different regions, ethnicities and religions live harmoniously here. The Darjeeling Carnival, that happens at the end of years, is a cultural extravaganza that celebrates the region's vibrant and varied cultures and traditions. Darjeeling has been one of the favourite tourist destinations in India. The amicable nature of its people and its unmatched beauty continues to attract more and more people every year.

After this peep into the history, we are ready to pack our bags and rush to relax in the lap of natural beauty and hospitality of Darjeeling. Bon Voyage!

Ashish Kumar Aug 07 2014
0 people found this answer useful Useful ?Yes
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-- Read more: https://www.ixigo.com/what-local-dishes-is-darjeeling-famous-for-fq-1000945
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