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iXiGOers Dec 09 2012

What is the history and culture of Munnar?

Reet Cheema DEC 10 2012
0 people found this answer useful Useful ?Yes

Munnar, in the language of Tamil, means 'three rivers'. This name refers to its location at the confluence of three gently trickling mountain rivers. This beautiful hill station has a long history of plantation which started with the coming of Britishers. Just take a look at how it developed into a flourishing town.

  • Before 19th century
    The plantation in Munnar started in the nineteenth century, before that it was a dense forest rich in rare flora and fauna. Abundant with wildlife such as Leopards, tigers, elephants, bisons, to name a few, the then inhabitants were Pallayers, Kaders, Kuravas, Ooralers and Muduvans. The late 1700s saw the migration of the Tamilian people known as Muthuvans to the area. The Duke of Wellington was the first prominent European to visit Munnar who came in 1790.

  • 19th century
    The tea plantation came into being only in the late nineteenth century when Mr. John Daniel Munro, a lawyer in the Travancore Government, in the 1870s, realized the crop growing potential of the land while hunting. He leased about 600 sq km of land from Poonjar Raja who had control over the land and after trying several crops he recognized that tea is the ideal product to be cultivated. The first tea was cultivated by H. Sharp at Parvathi, after which between 1893 to 1895, the concession area was bought by Muir and Company, later to be known as James Finlay & Company.

  • 20th century-till now
    In 1976, the plantation land of Munnar was sold to Tata-Finlay Ltd and again in 1983 to Tata Tea Ltd, which is the largest integrated tea company in the world with an entire gamut of activities in the Tea industry. In April 2005, the Tata Group transferred all the estates under them to Kannan Devan Hills Produce Co. Pvt Ltd, which manages over 16 estates sprawled over an area of almost 8,500 hectares.

Even with the plantation, the land and the lifestyles of its inhabitants have been left greatly untouched by global modernisation which surprises the visitors. The spectacular beauty is still intact even after hotels and other amenities have been developed for the tourists. So, come and let this historical hill station charm you with its flawless elegance.You can learn more about the history and culture of the city with the amazing places to visit ini Munnar.

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