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iXiGOers Dec 09 2012

What is the history and culture of Srinagar?

Shikha Gautam DEC 10 2012
0 people found this answer useful Useful ?Yes


Srinagar, the summer capital of the state of Jammu and Kashmir is nothing less than paradise. Often referred to as the Venice of the East, Srinagar is situated on the banks of river Jehlum. It is surrounded by lofty mountains and a number of world famous lakes dot the city. Srinagar is a destination that is marked in every travellers travel list. The city boasts of rich history and a vibrant culture. Muslims, Hindus, Sikhs, Buddhists and many more communities live harmoniously here. The history of this paradise on earth dates back to circa 3rd Century BC.
Few prominent details of Srinagar's history are:

  • The city was founded by king Pravarasena about 2000 years ago. It was known as Parvasenpur and was part of the mighty Maurya empire.
  • Emperor Ashoka introduced Buddhism in the Kashmir region, and the city became a centre of Buddhism.
  • Srinagar became the capital of Kashmir in around 960 AD, and in the 14th century the Hindu and Buddhist rule came to an end. From then it was ruled by Muslims emperors. The Mughals also ruled the city. By the 19th century, Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Punjab annexed the city and other adjoining parts
  • The British controlled the city by means of de-facto suzerainty agreement. It remained a princely state until 1947, when the Maharaja of Kashmir signed an accession agreement with India.
  • Although the region has seen its share of political and terrorist unrest, it is now a peaceful and serene place.


The city is blessed with a rich mix of distinctive cultural heritage. A number of holy places around the city, cement Srinagar's position as a religiously and culturally diverse city. The holy Hazratbal Shrine, Shankaracharya Temple, Chatti Padshahi Gurudwara, all mark the multi-ethnic nature of the city. All major festivals like Eid, Diwali and Gurupurab are celebrated with vigour.

After this look back into the history of this majestic city, get ready to pack your bags and head to the Venice of the East and let yourself attain nirvana in the lap of nature. Srinagar tourism will help your know more about the culture and history of the place. Find out which train from the Indian Railway will be the most convienent way to reach the city on ixigo.

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