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iXiGOers Dec 09 2012

What is the history of Goa?

Mercy Jacob DEC 10 2012
0 people found this answer useful Useful ?Yes

Starting from the time Alfonso de Albuquerque established an enclave in Goa in 1510, Goa saw more than 400 years of Portuguese colonial rule, including a traumatic period of Inquisition as well as the introduction of a new culture that has lasted in Goan language, religion, music, architecture and more, and gives the state a unique flavour. Today, Goa tourism is a flourishing industry and is one of the most loved and sought after destination in India.

Goa has witnessed a variety rulers and dynasties, a history that contributes to the current character of the state. The troubled past of different battles and conquests is present in the various temples across the state, pointing towards the different religious affinities of Goa's rulers. Goa is believed to have been inhabited by Paleolithic and Mesolithic tribes and cavemen, dating back to 6000 BC. Since then, Goa fell under the rule of different dynasties, ranging from the Sumerians, Indo-Aryans, Dravidians, Mauryans, Chutus, Western Kshatrapas, Abhiras, Bhojas, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Kadambas, the Delhi Sultanate, Bahmani Sultans of Gulbarga and Adil Shahis of Bijapur. You'll find abundant temples, mosques, monasteries and churches belonging to different periods of history, as surviving evidence to its troubled history.

The most prominent aspect of Goan history is the Portuguese rule, which began in 1510 and lasted for about 450 years. Much of Goan culture, including food, music, drinks and languages are formed by this encounter with the Portuguese. The plethora of places to visit in Goa, Churches and typically Christian and Western influences on general lifestyle in Goa belongs to this history.

Goa’s patron saint came here in 1542 as a Jesuit missionary preacher. His stay was not too long but he returned repeatedly to Goa from his travels. When he died in 1552, his body (initially buried in Malacca) was brought to Goa in 1554, packed in lime to hasten decomposition. Yet the body was found miraculously intact. St Francis Xavier was canonised in 1662, and his body moved to the Basilica of Bom Jesus in Old Goa. Two decades later, the saint was credited with saving Goans from an attack by Maratha chief Shambhaji, sealing his status as Goa’s protector.

After its reclamation by India in 1961, Goa stands as one of the 28 states in the country. Present day Goa offers an exciting pastiche of Spanish and Portuguese element, along with Hindu and Islamic influences, and it is this unique tapestry of ethnicities that lends Goa its unique flavour. Several villas, that have been renovated and furnished for tourist rentals, depict typical Portuguese style of architecture, with high ceilings and patios. The spectacular churches of Old Goa, especially the renowned Basilica of Bom Jesus, are tourist hot-spots for exploring Portuguese culture in Goa.

Alka Rai Mar 08 2016
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