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iXiGOers Dec 09 2012

What is the history of Somnath?

Nitin Gurha DEC 10 2012
0 people found this answer useful Useful ?Yes

The history of any city gives an enticing sneak peak into the cultural heritage, lifestyle, customs and rituals of the place. Enveloped in a mysterious past, the city of Somnath has seen numerous invasions. Yet, the city upholds its distinct charm with much ease.
Dive in to know a little more about this wonderful town of temple.

As the legend goes

The temple of Somnath was built in honour of
Lord Shiva. As the legend goes, the Moon God was married to 27 daughters of King Daksha. Out of his 27 wives, one was highly favoured whilst others suffered in neglect. Cursed by King Daksha, the Moon God sought deliverance from the curse at the Jyotirlinga. Blessed by Lord Shiva, the moon was partially free of the curse, thus explaining the eternal cycle of the moon.
It is also believed that the beautiful temple was first built in gold by the Moon God. After being razed to the ground, the temple was rebuilt in silver by Ravana. Reconstructed once again in wood by Lord Krishna and finally erected in stone by Bhimdev.


Somnath was also known as Prabhas Patan and Deo Pattan in earlier times. Invaded by numerous foreign rulers, the city of Somnath has witnessed ample destruction.

Looted by Mahmud of Ghazni and then Alaf Khan, the temple has been destroyed almost seventeen times. Enshrining one of the twelve highly revered Jyotirlinga, the temple stands tall in all its glory.

Shrine Eternal

The temple was finally reconstructed by Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in the year 1947. Thronged by tourists, the city is highly popular as a bustling pilgrimage center. The culture and lifestyle of locals in the lovely city is simple and naive with great respect for traditional customs and rituals. Enshrining the revered Jyotirlinga, the Somnath temple is one of the most important Shiva temples in India. The imposing temple is constructed in the Chalukya style with a height of about 155 ft. The beautiful Jyotirlinga adorned with colourful flowers and ornamented with silver and gold is a breathtaking experience.

Believed to be built in gold by the
God of Moon, the temple was then renovated with silver by Ravana. Lord Krishna then renovated it with wood and finally one of the Pandavas, Bhima, built it with stones. The temple has witnessed numerous invasions by foreign rulers yet the glory of the temple remains in all its splendour.
The rhythmic ringing of bells, melodious beating of drums and the harmony of Shiva Bhajans (hymns) greet you during the
aarti at the temple. Soaked in peace and tranquility, the temple will completely rejuvenate your being.

Visit this beautiful town for a little serenity and peace, away from the hustle bustle and chaos of city life.

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