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iXiGOers Dec 09 2012

Which are the famous monuments in Delhi?

Manish Kumar DEC 10 2012
0 people found this answer useful Useful ?Yes

The many small, large, prominent and non-prominent monuments stand as proud evidences of Delhi’s vast and varied history. Different rulers came to Delhi and left their imprints here, in the form of tombs, forts and other monuments. Take a journey into this colourful past of Delhi and reconnect with its roots. Some of the popular monuments in Delhi are:

  • Red Fort

    Built way back in the 1638 century by the Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, the Red Fort was the epitome of Mughal pomp in India. The walls of the fort alone are about 2 km long, and at one time, it used to be surrounded by a deep forbidding moat, which could only be crossed by a wooden drawbridge. This grand structure in red stone is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Delhi, from where the Prime Minister addresses the nation every year on Independence Day. The Red Fort, with its beautifully manicured gardens and imposing structures like the Diwan-i-Khas and Diwan-i-am is nothing short of enthralling. Inside the fort premises, you’ll find a whole host of buildings and gardens, including zenanas like Mumtaz Mahal (now a museum) and Hayat Bakhsh Bagh (or “life-bestowing garden”), which are in themselves a sight to behold. Not to be missed is the evening light and sound show, which beautifully re-enacts some of the greatest moments of Indian history.

    Nearest metro station: Chandni Chowk
    Timings: 9am to 5pm
    Entry: INR 10 for Indian Nationals, INR 250 for Foreign Nationals
    Address: Netaji Subhash Marg
    New Delhi

  • Humayun's Tomb
    Everyone knows about the Taj Mahal and its romantic history but probably a few know that the Humayun’s Tomb has a similar story behind it. The tomb was built in 1556 as a monument of love, by a woman in this case, Haji Begum, the wife of Humayun. It is even said that the design for Taj Mahal was inspired by this magnificent structure. Hardly surprising then that Humayun’s Tomb remains one of the most famed examples of early Mughal architecture, and now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

    Nearest metro station: JLN Stadium
    Timings: 8am to 6pm
    Entry: INR 10 for Indian Nationals, INR 250 for Foreign Nationals
    Address: Opposite Nizamuddin Dargah
    Mathura Road
    New Delhi

  • Qutub Minar Complex
    Think Delhi and you’re probably thinking about Mughal emperors. However, the pre Mughal dynasties also left behind a mark on the scene of architecture and a the Qutub Minar complex stands tall as an evidence of this. The most outstanding structure here is the Qutub Minar, a huge brick minaret, the tallest of its kind in the world. Built by Qutub ud din Aibak and Iltutmish, it’s a pity that visitors are not allowed to climb the stairs inside the minaret, which lead right to the top of the structure to a height of some 72 metres. At the base of the minar is the Quwwat-ul-Islam Masjid. Another curiosity-inducing piece of architecture here is the Iron Pillar. This 7 metre high pillar has withstood elements of nature over centuries and has an interesting legend behind it. The legend goes that if you can stand with your back to the pillar and hold both your hands from behind your back, your wish will be granted.

    Nearest metro station: Qutub Minar
    Timings: 6am to 6pm
    Entry: INR 20 for Indian Nationals, INR 250 for Foreign Nationals
    Address: Mehrauli
    New Delhi

  • India Gate
    If you’re flying to Delhi, you can probably spot this architectural beauty through your flight’s window on a clear day, or when it is beautifully lit up during evenings. This Arc-de-Triomphe at the crossroads of Lutyens’ Delhi, built in 1931, is a tribute to the 90,000 Indian soldiers who lost their lives in World War 1, fighting for the British. The Amar Jawan Jyoti at the centre here is in tribute of the unknown soldier. The area has a water-stream, an erstwhile boating spot, and sprawling green lawns, ideal for a stroll in the morning or evening. It is also dotted abundantly with ice-cream vendors, hawkers and people who organise camel and elephant rides, making it one of the favourite spots for Delhiites to go picnicking. India Gate is also renowned for the grand Indian Republic Day Parade, hosted here every year on 26th January.

    Nearest metro station: Central Secratariat
    Timings: Open all day long
    Entry: Free
    Address: India Gate
    New Delhi

  • Purana Qila (Old Fort)
    This piece of architecture from the Mughal rule in India, built in 1533-1538, stands tall in the face of surrounding modernity. A boundary wall that runs for about 2 kms, Purana Quila overlooks a lake that offers some peaceful boating opportunities. The architecture here combines both Islamic and Hindu influences, pointing towards an amalgamation of two very distinct cultures. Experience the history of the monument and the era at the spectacular sound and light show, called Ishq-e-Dilli (or the love of Delhi) organised here every evening. This show is run at 7pm to 8pm (in summers) and 6pm to 7pm (in winters) in Hindi and 7.30 to 8.30pm (in winters) and 8.30 to 9.30pm (in summers) in English.

    Nearest metro station: Pragati Maidan
    Timings: 8am to 6pm
    Entry: INR 5 (for Indians), INR 100 (for foreign tourists)
    Address: Near Delhi Zoo
    Mathura Road
    New Delhi

Other monuments that deserve a mention, and a visit, are Safdarjung’s Tomb, Mehrauli Archaeological Park and the Madarsa and Fort at Hauz Khas Village.

There are some other fascinating historical places in Delhi that you should definitely visit.
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