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iXiGOers Oct 25 2013

Which are the seven wonders of the world?

Benazir Khan Jan 08 2014
0 people found this answer useful Useful ?Yes

Originally compiled to include monuments which stood as magnificent pieces of architecture in the terms of classical antiquity; the seven wonders of the world as we know it today, on the contrary are an original compilation of the most famous monuments of our times, which were once drawn from popular opinion from an internet poll. Enlisted here are the seven wonders of the world as we know them today.

Christ the Redeemer, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Atop the Corcovado Mountains, lies an Art Deco statue of Jesus Christ, which is considered to be the largest in the world. This world heritage site, overlooks the city of Rio which is as much of a spectacle during the day, as it is a scenic hotspot at night. The famous Sugar Loaf Mountains (reminiscent of its appearance) engulf it along with Corcovado, Urca and Cara de Cao. Cascading below are the gushing waters of the Atlantic Ocean, draining into the Guanabara Bay.

A photo of Christ the Redeemer (by Artyominc)

Made of concrete and soapstone, the statue is a symbol of religion standing by itself without the pulls and pressures of the state. An important idea during the mid 18th century, this symbol of Christ the Redeemer was chosen after much deliberation and a contest of votes in which a majority of Catholics in the local population voted for this sculptural depiction of Christianity - where Jesus Christ, the saviour and protector of the masses stands aloft, in a natural setting on a raised pedestal with his hands spread out, denoting peace in the world and the victory of perseverance.

Colosseum, Rome, Italy

As the largest amphitheatre in the world, Colosseum, is also shaped as an elliptical piece of architectural marvel. Built by the Flavian dynasty in around 70 AD, it was a structure that was dedicated to the Roman public. Gladiator fights were the prime spectacle that were also considered a huge part of games and bets that the public played. This garnered mass attention here which was centered around who emerged victorious and who finally went to the gallows, where fierce, hungry felines were kept. You may take a look at some of the historical places of interest in Italy.

A photo of Colosseum (by Diliff)

Besides this, it was also used as a spot for the depiction of animal hunts, mock executions, and other theme based enactments, often commenced or followed by a word from the emperor. One of the greatest works of architecture by the Romans, this structure was made of concrete and stone and and could house at least 80000 spectators. Parts of this enormous structure have been ruined over time by fires, earthquakes and thievery in different eras, but it still stands tall and magnificent despite its ruins as a reminder of survival.

Chichen Itza, Yucatan, Mexico

“At the mouth of the well of Itza,” is what the Chichen Itza is believed to mean popularly. Located in its Kukulkan Pyramid is the El Castillo or the castle, which is said to be the seat for the counsel of the Itza lineage, which gained economic and therefore political dominance over the Yucatan peninsula. As an important seat of decision making, the Itza and specifically the Kukulkan Pyramid which houses the El Castillo, was an important centre for the Mayan Civilisation. Its prominence as an important counsel is heightened when one takes a look at the diverse range of architectural intricacies in the pyramid here with some Mexican delicacies from Cancun which is close by.

A photo of Chichen Itza (by Cocojorgefalcon)

Besides serving as an important site of counsel and presiding over important political matters, it was also a significant contributor to trade activities in the civilisation. It also served as an important umbrella point for amassing resources from far and wide as for procuring raw materials for consumption or further development. When one makes the climb up the stairs to the mouth of the well of Itza, one can’t help but wonder on the marvel of the foresight of an civilisation, which is in fact ancient.

Taj Mahal, Agra, India

A mausoleum bathed in milky white, The Taj retains its fervour through time as one of the most breathtakingly beautiful monuments of our age and time. Built for his most beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal, by Shah Jahan, the Mughal Emperor, in the 16th century, it is believed that the wondrous monument - The Taj Mahal, would seal the emotion he felt for her in the sands of time. It has ever since become a renowned and iconic symbol all over the world synonymous with romantic love and on a more intense note, with the idea of love that people look up to. A gem of Indo-Islamic architecture, it is located on the banks of the river Yamuna. It houses several courtyards with fountains spread around its periphery.

A photo of Taj Mahal (by User Nikkul)

The insides of the house are a depiction of the associated ideas of the queen of paradise’ house. Shah Jahan had ordered that the mausoleum be built in a fashion that made it stand out as the most elegant piece of architecture on earth and was his token of deep love, warmth and reverence for his wife. With that idea in mind, the motifs and craftsmanship in the details of the marble flooring and walls, together with Koranic inscriptions are enough to take you afloat in a spiritual wanderlust.

Great Wall of China, China

Constructed originally as a massive measure of fortification, for different states in China, namely Yan, Zhao and Qin, to shield themselves from their attackers - the Huns, this is an enormous wall which covers the geography of China from East to West. The wall was finally unified during the rule of the Qing dynasty, which gave it the credibility of being “great.” The wall, made entirely of local crenel stone, is a long, winding passageway that connects different parts of the Chinese Republic. Take a look through The Great Wall and more, book your holiday package to the land of the Chinese real soon!

A photo of The Great Wall of China (by Jakub Halun)

As one of the seven wonders of the world and as an architectural marvel, it still continues to play its major role as a fortifier against intrusions of all kinds from various military groups or other types of incursions from any corner of the state. The wall dates back to at least 2000 years old and has been damaged, rebuilt and consistently restored differently, especially during the era of the Ming Dynasty. Having lost a large part of its ruins, it still continues to be a major attraction that invites a large footfall from all corners of the world. The Great Wall of China runs through the diversity of terrains - mountains, deserts, plateaus, grasslands and serves as a reminder of the tenacity of the architects who built it more than the demographics of the wall in itself!

Machu Picchu, Peru, South America

‘Lost city of the Incas,’ is the phrase which is often used to refer to Machu Picchu, which is a phenomenal reservoir of ruins of the lost civilisation. The city is located at about 7000 m above sea level, and is surrounded by the Urubamba Valley. Browse through some interesting pictures of the Machu Picchu landscape to admire the view from your mobile, laptop or desktop. Although it has been through a phenomenal amount of degradation owing to changes in climatic conditions from time to time - harsh winds, earthquakes, amongst other factors, to name a few, the ruins still retain a sense of forlorn beauty.

A photo of Machu Picchu (by Pedro Szekely)

Some believe, that this site was an estate built for the rulers of the civilisation, while several other archeologists explain that the pattern of the various architectural forms, suggest that this was home to a very disciplined populous. The forms and setting of the buildings are in sync with the functionality that the space around it offers. Religious, urban and agricultural areas are the broad divisions that one can clearly see. While the lower slopes catered to farming practices, and irrigation systems, the upper areas were fit for living and the areas atop crests of hills were devoted to nirvana seekers and other religious or spiritual seekers. As a place to unlearn and learn again, Machu Picchu is also a picturesque learning hub which brings to life the idea of ‘explore.’

Petra, Jordan

“A rose red city half as old as time,” a phrase coined by Dean Burgen, who brought the city to limelight, best describes the elegance that the city stands for in these poetic words. Located in the governorate of Ma’an, in southern Petra, this city was carved out of natural rock and stone which was red in colour. The lights that fall on the surfaces of various rock faces, illuminate and reflect a parade of shades of red, the vision of which is a heightened experience especially during the hour of sunset, when one can soak themselves in array of reds and other flaming hues.

A photo of Petra (by Paul Mannix)

Built on by industrious Arabs, about 2000 years ago, who were roaming in caravans and incidentally found this spot as a convenient junction to procure spices from India and silk from China, it was further worked upon to serve as an important trade route linking Arabia to Syria, Greece, Egypt and Rome. While here, being enraptured by the sheer magnificence of the rock cut architecture, is but just the mere sight of a rock face away.

Together with an admirer’s gaze and a globetrotter’s anticipation, get set to hop on to your flights connecting you to these mirages aplenty that once were the splendour of their past glory and continue to retain it in our present times. Beset with the need to look at the fantastic as a piece of reality and a way to believe in visions which go beyond dreams and do come true, your trip to any of these seven wonders of the world should ideally do the trick and reinstate the belief.
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