great himalayan national park

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great himalayan national park overview

#4 of 4 Places To Visit in Bandal
great himalayan national park
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Great Himalayan National Park, Shamshi, Kullu, Himachal Pradesh, 125126, India
+91-981-7803513 +91-1902-265320
entry fee
per person for Indians
per person for foreign tourists
All days of the week
10:00 AM - 5:30 PM
visit duration
2 to 3 hours

about great himalayan national park

Encompassing the valleys of the Sainj and Tirthan rivers in the lap of the Western Himalayas, the Great Himalayan National Park  has been recently declared as the World Heritage Site by UNESCO. Its wide range of altitude (between 1,700 m - 6,000 m) allows for a vast and unique biodiversity. Broad-leafed trees and thick shrubbery interlaced with wild roses that clamber the hillsides, their fragrance heady, give way to oak and deep green conifers and birch. Providing dramatic relief every now and then are open areas covered in thick springy grasses and ferns and far beyond are frozen rivulets and glaciers amongst barren terrain, the rocks and stones covered with mosses and lichens.

In 1984, the Himachal Wildlife Project (HWP) surveyed the upper Beas region to help establish the boundaries of the park. An area comprising the watersheds of Jiwa, Sainj and Tirthan rivers became the Great Himalayan National Park the same year. Starting from an altitude of 1,700 m above mean sea level, the highest peak within the park approaches almost 5,800 m. The area of the National Park at the moment is 754.4 km and it is naturally protected on the northern, eastern and southern boundaries by permanent snow or steep ridges. To facilitate conservation, a five kilometre-wide buffer area, extending from the western periphery of the park, has been classified as the Eco-development Project Area (EPA) or Ecozone. These varied surrounding host an abundance of animal life. While way up in the interior near Tirath where the Tirthan starts its journey from a glacial pond, one might just sight a snow leopard. On the higher slopes graze the musk deer, goral, serow, tahr and bharal (blue sheep). Both brown and black bears roam the lower forests as does the leopard. The bamboo thickets and grasses are the habitat of colourful pheasants — the monal, khaleej and koklas. 

But the pride of the park is the rare western tragopan, a magnificent bird with brilliant plumage. Draped in deep red, orange and black, dark wings flecked with white and its fan like crest, it is protected fiercely by the villagers who sing paens to its beauty and call it jujurana. For them, it is the king of their forests. While a long trek through the park is sure to be an adventure, there are many shorter routes that are easy to cover. The GHNP offers the causal hiker and serious trekker a wide range of experiences in the natural wonders of the park. Trails range from relatively easy day walks in the Ecozone to challenging week-long or longer duration treks through arduous and spectacular terrain.

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Great Himalayan National Park traveller reviews

1 Great Himalayan National Park review
Neha Reddy
Neha Reddy
“Accomodation details”
Jun 23 2014
A must visit place for those who are interested in experiencing nature in a serene state-of-mind. A small trek inside the national park provides you with a peaceful and beautiful surroundings - a perfect place to meditate and reflect...........