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Nikita Rudra Mar 04 2014

Which are the various Rain Forests in India?

Mercy Jacob Mar 04 2014
3 people found this answer useful Useful ?Yes

Here we bring you the rainforests in India so that you can experience the true meaning of biodiversity as India is blessed with an amazing range of rainforests right from the North Western ghats to southern ones, beautiful islands of Andaman and Nicobar, the north-east India and the foothills of the eastern Himalayas.

North Western Ghats montane rainforests

Covering an area of 30,900 square kilometers, the North Western Ghats montane rain forests are a tropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregion of southwestern India. Starting right from the Western Ghats Range, Maharashtra to Karnataka and Kerala down south. The climate is warmer here. These rain forests houses a wide variety of flora and fauna.

Photo of Agumbe (by Mylittlefinger)

Some of the exotic trees and plant species here include the Teak, Jamun, Cashew, Hog Pulm, Coral Tree, Jasmine and Crossandra. You might spot the Nilgiri wood-pigeon, the Malabar Gray hornbill, the White-bellied treepie. These forests also has some of the endangered species such as Malabar Large-spotted Civet which is the main predator here. Check out Sahyadri Wildlife Sanctuary when here.

South Western Ghats montane rainforests

Covering an area of 22,600 square kilometers, The South Western Ghats montane rain forest are located in cities of Kerala and Tamil Nadu, the northern boundary of this ecoregion is the Wayanad, where the habitat makes a transition from the drier forest in the north to the more moist forest in the south. From here the ecoregion runs parallel to the Western Ghats Mountain Range, about 35 km inland, all the way to the southern end of the range.

Photo of Wyanad (by Ashwin Kumar)

The forests harbours around 20 percent of India`s mammal fauna and a total of 78 mammal species can be found in the forests. Some of the epidemic species include Suncus montanus, Latidens salimalii, Trachypithecus johnii, Viverra civettina, Mus famulus, Vandeleuria nilagirica and many more such species. The cool and moist climate, high rainfall, and variety of microclimates brought about by differences in elevation and exposure supports these lush and diverse forests. Roads is the only medium to get into Wayanad. It is about 3 hours journey from Mysore with easy Mysore to Wayanad cabs availability. Check out hotels in Kerala if you wish to stay here.

Photo of Coorg Rainforest ( by Benuski)

This ecoregion houses India’s Largest elephant population. It also has the rare and endemic Niligiri tahr. The threatened tiger, leopard, sloth bear, gaur all roam here. The ghats also provides habitat to a rich variety of bird species, some of which include Nilgiri Wood-Pigeon, Malabar Grey Hornbill, White-Bellied Treepie, White-Bellied Shortwing, Grey-Headed Bulbul, Brachyophidium, Dravidogecko, Melanophidium and many more. Check out Muthanga Wildlife Sanctuary which lies at the rainforests of Lower Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary.

The North-eastern rainforests

The state of Assam and the lower parts of the Naga Hills, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Manipur receive a lot of rainfall. Visit the Dihing-Patkai Wildlife Sanctuary which houses a wide variety of flora and fauna. The rainforest is a bird-watchers delight, known to harbor about 293 bird species. The White-winged Wood Duck, Bengal Florican, Black-breasted Parrotbill, Red-headed vulture, White-rumped vulture, Greater Adjutant, Jerdon's Babbler, Rufous-necked hornbill, Bengal tiger, Asian elephant are some of the endangered species found here.

Photo of Rainforest in Assam (by PhBasumata)

Cherrapunjee in Meghalaya is still one of the wettest places on earth. Filled with natural treasures of mountains, rivers, rocky hills and diverse flora and fauna. The Mizoram-Manipur-Kachin Rain Forests has the highest bird species. This rain forest is dominated by trees of the dipterocarp family, trees of other families include Swintonia floribunda, Eugenia grandis, Xylia xylocarpa, Gmelina arborea, Bombax insignis, Bombax ceiba, Albizia procera, and Castanopsis. The ecoregion is also home to 149 known species of mammals. It is about 53.7 k.m. from Shillong, with several Shillong to Cherrapunjee cabs available.

Andaman and Nicobar Islands rainforest

Andaman & Nicobar Islands are blessed with a unique tropical rainforest canopy, made of a mixed flora with elements from Indian, Myanmarese, Malaysian and endemic floral strains. So far, about 2,200 varieties of plants have been recorded, out of which 200 are endemic and 1,300 do not occur in mainland India. North Andamans is characterized by the wet evergreen type, with plenty of woody climbers. Chennai is the nearest city on the Indian mainland from the islands groups, and there is a good frequency of Chennai to Port Blair flights to serve the purpose.

Photo of Andaman Island (by Scheherezade)

Among the larger mammals there are two endemicvarieties of wild boar, Sus scrofa andamanensis from Andaman and Sus scrofa nicobaricusfrom Nicobar which are kept protected here. The small Kalpong River in North Andaman and the several streams that run across this rain forest houses crocodiles as well. Check out Andaman and Nicobar Islands holiday tour packages if you wish to visit this wonderful place.

With such a plethora of flora and fauna, along with greenery that is soothing to your eyes, these rainforests in India are a must to visit for those explore the natural beauty.

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