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West Bengal
Capital
Kolkata
Area
88752
Languages
Bengali
Population
91347736
West Bengal (State of West Bengal) is a state in the eastern region of India and is the nation's fourth-most populous. It is also the seventh-most populous sub-national entity in the world, with over 91 million inhabitants. Spread over 34,267 sq mi (88,750 km), it is bordered by the countries of Nepal, Bhutan, and Bangladesh, and the Indian states of Orissa, Jharkhand, Bihar, Sikkim, and Assam. The state capital is Kolkata (formerly Calcutta).
  West Bengal (State of West Bengal) encompasses two broad natural regions: the Gangetic Plain in the south and the sub-Himalayan and Himalayan area in the north. In the 3rd century BC, the broader region of Bengal was conquered by the emperor Ashoka. In the 4th century AD, it was absorbed into the Gupta Empire. From the 13th century onward, the region was ruled by several sultans, powerful Hindu states and Baro-Bhuyan landlords, until the beginning of British rule in the 18th century.

The British East India Company cemented their hold on the region following the Battle of Plassey in 1757, and Calcutta served for many years as the capital of British India. The early and prolonged exposure to British administration resulted in expansion of Western education, culminating in development in science, institutional education, and social reforms of the region, including what became known as the Bengal Renaissance. A hotbed of the Indian independence movement through the early 20th century, Bengal was divided during India's independence in 1947 along religious lines into two separate entities: West Bengal (State of West Bengal)—a state of India—and East Bengal—a part of the newly-created Pakistan—later becoming Bangladesh in 1971.

The state's cultural heritage, besides varied folk traditions, ranges from stalwarts in literature including Nobel-laureate Rabindranath Tagore to scores of musicians, film-makers and artist. West Bengal is also distinct from most other Indian states in its appreciation and practice of playing soccer besides the national favourite sport cricket.

A major agricultural producer, West Bengal is the sixth-largest contributor to India's net domestic product. Noted for its political activism, the state was ruled by democratically elected communist government for three decades. West Bengal (State of West Bengal) is noted for its cultural activities and presence of cultural and educational institutions; the state capital Kolkata is known as the "cultural capital of India".
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Top 10
1.
shantiniketan
☎ +91-3463-252699
2.
victoria memorial
Maidan 1, Queens Way, Kolkata, West Bengal 700071, India
☎ +91-33-22231890|+91-33-22231891
3.
howrah bridge
Hoogli River, Kolkata, West Bengal 700001, India
☎ +91-33-22590264
4.
chowringhee road
Park Street Metro Station, Kolkata, West Bengal 700071, India
5.
eden gardens stadium
Bbd Bagh, Kolkata, West Bengal 700021, India
6.
birla temple
2 Queens Park Road, Ashutosh Chowdhury Avenue, Ballygunge, Kolkata, West Bengal 700019, India
☎ +91-33-24615579
7.
dr graham's homes
Kalimpong, Darjeeling, West Bengal, 734301, India
☎ +91-3552-274632
8.
everest museum
Lebong Cart Road, Himalayan Mountaineering Institute, Darjeeling, West Bengal, 734101, India
☎ +91-33-44012086
9.
birla industrial and technological museum
Gurusaday Dutta Road, Ballygunge, Kolkata, West Bengal 700019, India
☎ +91-33-22877241 |+91-33-22877242 |+91-9477345291 |+91-9477345292
10.
lepcha museum
1km from town, Kalimpong, Darjeeling, West Bengal, 734301, India
☎ +91-33-22254723
 
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