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iXiGOers Dec 09 2012

What is the history and culture of Jalandhar?

Nitin Gurha DEC 10 2012
0 people found this answer useful Useful ?Yes

Jalandhar and Multan are the oldest cities of Punjab. The current area of the Jalandhar district is where one of the most culturally developed civilization - The Indus Valley Civilisation flourished. But that’s not the only civilisation that Jalandhar has borne witness to. This city formed the eastern territory of Alexander’s empire and Chinese traveller Famine unravelled the secrets of various Buddhist maths and vihars here. Jalandhar also witnessed an entire era of Mughal invasions and the many forts and structures and mausoleums in and around the city are footprints of the Mughal influence. Then came the British rule and Jalandhar became the centre of the freedom struggle. Amidst all this, the Islamic influence in Jalandhar cannot be left unnoticed (Sikh influence is still more dominant). Before partition the area was inhabited by many Muslims who migrated to Pakistan later.

Thus there are a lot of similarities in the culture and tradition of Pakistan and Jalandhar. The juthis, artwork, handicrafts all resemble each other. A walk through the alleys will definitely bring to your mind the old and crumbling structures of the pre partition days.

Jalandhar also has a tradition of music especially Dhrupad. The Harballabh Music festival, for instance, has been a platform for classical music since immemorial. Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan is also associated with Jalandhar. This city redefined classical music from being an interest of only the Maharajas and the elite to being something that even the peasants admired.

From there to being a leading industrial area, Jalandhar has come a long way. It is the largest exporter of leather and thus a hub for sports good manufacturing as well. It has picked up a steady pace towards development.

Jalandhar has always been a secular state where people celebrate all festivals with equal zeal and fervour. The cheerful lot of people celebrate every occasion. There are enough temples, gurdwaras, mosques and mausoleums in the place that stand as evidence for this secular Indian state. You can enjoy the best of culture and history with these fanstastic places to visit in Jalandhar

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