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iXiGOers Dec 09 2012

What is the history and culture of Kausani?

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Kausani is India’s answer to Switzerland, as the father of the nation Mahatma Gandhi rightly said, during his 12 day long stay in Kausani. In ancient times, Kausani was referred to as Valna, where a flourishing and prosperous Kingdom called Kartikyapur existed. However, the rise and fall of the majestic empire hasn’t been exhaustively recorded in the pages of history, but you can still sense the days gone by in the ancient ruins scattered in the hills.

Kausani gained prominence again on the tourism map when Mahatma Gandhi stayed here to complete his work on Anashakti Yoga. The memory of his short visit still lingers in Anashakti Ashram. Kausani is also the birthplace of India’s most legendary and celebrated poet Sumitra Nandan Pant.

The natives of Kausani are majorly from the Kumaoni and Garhwali communities. They are very polite, helpful and happy-go-lucky people. Their lives in one way or the other is intricately tied to the tourism industry and there is hardly any other economic activity. However, to break the monotony of the hills, the Kumaoni and Garhwali people have lots of folk songs and dances. They dress in colorful bright clothes to add a hint of colour to the surroundings. The fairs and festivals celebrated are a mixture of natural, social and religious factors. Not only are all the major Indian festivals like Dussehra and Diwali celebrated with great enthusiasm, but every community has their own festivals like Basant Panchami, Bhitauli, Harela, Phooldei, Batsavitri, Ganga Dusshera, Dikar Puja, Olgi or Ghee Sankranti, Khatarua, Ghuian Ekadashi and Ghughutia.


The temperature is quite pleasant in summer but can get very harsh during winter. This weather is quite suited for Tea plantations. Once in Kausani you can not help but fall in love with the tea gardens and the pear orchards. The high quality flavoured tea produced here is exported to Australia, Germany, U.S and many other European countries. Kausani Tea Estate is spread over an area of 208 hectares in 21 divisions making it one of the most important tea estates in India. The high flavoured tea produced here is in much demand overseas and a major source of income for the locals apart from tourism.

The ancient hills of Kausani beckons people from all over the world. You can always go out of Kausani, but wherever you go, you will carry a piece of Kausani in your heart.

With the best places to visit in Kasauni, you can get the best understanding of the history and culture of the city.
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